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Navigating H-2A Program Compliance: Essential Tips for Agricultural Employers


The H-2A Visa Program has become a reliable and invaluable resource for many agricultural employers in the United States, as it allows them to hire foreign seasonal workers to meet their labor needs. However, navigating the complexities of the H-2A program and maintaining compliance can be a challenge. In this blog post, we'll explore essential tips for agricultural employers to stay compliant with H-2A regulations and ensure a smooth, successful experience with the program. Our goal is to help you optimize your labor force while avoiding potential pitfalls.

LaborMex Helps You Understand the H-2A Eligibility Criteria

Before diving into the H-2A program, it's crucial to understand the eligibility criteria for both employers and workers. To qualify for the H-2A visa, employers must

  • Demonstrate a need for temporary or seasonal agricultural labor

  • Prove that there are not enough US workers willing, able, and qualified to perform the required tasks

  • Show that employing H-2A workers will not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of similarly employed US workers

Ensure Proper Wage Rates and Working Conditions

Agricultural employers must offer H-2A workers wages that are equal to or higher than the Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR), the prevailing wage, or the federal or state minimum wage – whichever is highest. Employers must also provide H-2A workers with the same benefits, working conditions, and protections as their US counterparts. This includes workers' compensation insurance, housing, and transportation.

It’s Critical To Complete the H-2A Application Process in an Accurate and Timely Fashion

To successfully participate in the H-2A program, agricultural employers must complete several steps in the application process, including:

  • Filing a job order with the State Workforce Agency (SWA) in the area of intended employment

  • Submitting an H-2A application (Form ETA-9142A) to the Department of Labor (DOL)

  • Filing a petition (Form I-129) with the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) after receiving a temporary labor certification from the DOL

It's essential to submit accurate and complete applications on time, as any errors or delays can lead to a denial of your request or jeopardize your compliance with the program.

Maintain Accurate Records and Documentation

Keeping thorough records is a critical aspect of H-2A compliance. Agricultural employers must retain all documentation related to the H-2A program, including records of recruitment efforts, payroll, housing inspections, and transportation arrangements. These records must be kept for three years after the completion of the work contract.

Conduct Ongoing Compliance Training and Audits

To ensure ongoing compliance with H-2A regulations, it's essential to provide regular training for your HR team, managers, and supervisors. This training should cover the program's requirements, anti-discrimination laws, and best practices for managing a diverse workforce.

Additionally, we suggest conducting internal audits periodically to identify potential areas of non-compliance and take corrective action before issues escalate.


Navigating H-2A program compliance can be challenging, but with the right approach and resources, agricultural employers can successfully leverage this valuable program to meet their labor needs. By understanding the eligibility criteria, ensuring proper wage rates and working conditions, completing the application process accurately and timely, maintaining accurate records.

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